The Philippine Liberation Medal is a military award of the Republic of the Philippines. This Medal was awarded to any service member, of both Philippine and allied militaries, who participated in the liberation of the Philippine Islands between the dates of October 17, 1944 and September 2, 1945.This Medal was created by an order of Commonwealth of the Philippines Army Headquarters on December 20, 1944.
Philippine Liberation Medal is awarded to a service member who have served in the Philippines for at least thirty days during the eligible time period, or he must have participated in one of the following actions:
1.Participation in the initial landing operation of Leyte and adjoining islands from October 7 to October 20, 1944.
2.Participation in any engagement against hostile Japanese forces during the Philippine Liberation Campaign of October 17, 1944 to September 2, 1945.
In August 1994, as part of the commemorative events of the 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, The Philippine Government announced its decision to award the Philippine Liberation Medal to Australian veterans who participated in the liberation of the Philippines during World War II. Australian ex-servicemen who served with the Australian Armed Forces in the campaign for the liberation of the Philippines and whose record of service in the Philippines can be certified are eligible to receive the medal. Posthumous awards are also given.
Australian participation in the liberation of the Philippines involved over 4,000 personnel from the Army, Navy and Air Force with the majority coming from the Navy. The Australian Ships identified by the Returned and Services League as having participated in the campaign for the liberation of the Philippines were:
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PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINING AWARDEES
In agreement between the Philippine Embassy, the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and the Department of Administrative Services (DAS) with the concurrence of the three branches of the Armed Forces and the Return & Services League, the following procedure was established to determine the eligibility of awardees and to ensure the dignity of the Medal:
- Veterans fill out a prescribed application form which are distributed by the Philippine Embassy and the Philippine Consulates. The form is sent to the appropriate Records Section of the Armed Forces (Army, Navy or Air Force) which certifies the applicants’ service in the Philippines during World War II;
- Certified forms are returned to the Embassy which prepares the lists of applicants whose service record have been duly verified;
- The lists are forwarded to the Philippine Department of Defence through the Department of Foreign Affairs;
- The same lists are submitted by the Embassy to the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade which transmits them to the Governor General for her approval to enable the veterans to accept and wear the Medal;
- The Governor General’s approval is transmitted to the Philippine Embassy by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.